(a) Find the density p of mobile charges in a piece of copper, assuming each atom contributes one free electron. [Look up the necessary physical constants.]
(b) Calculate the average electron velocity in a copper wire 1 mm in diameter, carrying a current of 1 A. [Note: this is literally a snail’s pace. How, then, can you carry on a long distance telephone conversation?]
(c) What is the force of attraction between two such wires, 1 cm apart?
(d) If you could somehow remove the stationary positive ions, what would the electrical repulsion force be? How many times greater than the magnetic force is it?