Cheng Furniture Company refinishes and reupholsters furniture. Cheng Furniture uses a job order cost system. When a prospective customer asks for a price quote on a job, the estimated cost data are inserted on an unnumbered job cost sheet. If the offer is accepted, a number is assigned to the job, and the costs incurred are recorded in the usual manner on the job cost sheet. After the job is completed, reasons for the variances between the estimated and actual costs are noted on the sheet. The data are then available to management in evaluating the efficiency of operations and in preparing quotes on future jobs. On September 3, 2014, an estimate of $ 3,050 for reupholstering a sofa and loveseat was given to John Jobs. The estimate was based on the following data:
On September 6, the sofa and loveseat were picked up from the residence of John Jobs, 220 Apple Lane, Cupertino, CA, with a commitment to return it on October 31. The job was completed on October 28.
The related materials requisitions and time tickets are summarized as follows:
1. Complete that portion of the job order cost sheet that would be prepared when the estimate is given to the customer.
2. Record the costs incurred, and prepare a job order cost sheet. Comment on the reasons for the variances between actual costs and estimated costs. For this purpose, assume that three meters of materials were spoiled, the factory overhead rate has proven to be satisfactory, and an inexperienced employee performed thework.